interrogative pronouns wikipedia

or magnèu?. There are certain pronouns that are only used when asking a question. Note that some languages traditionally extend the term pronoun to words that substitute for adjectives. [6] For example: A question like this, which has the same form (except for intonation) as a declarative sentence, is called a declarative question. interrogative 1. Conversely, in English "Yes" would assert the affirmative, while in some other languages it would confirm the negative. This happens also with some nouns and interrogative pronouns. For example:[2], This ne usually forms a neutral yes–no question, implying neither answer (except where the context makes it clear what the answer must be). Such sentences are sometimes said to exhibit an interrogative mood—thus treating interrogative as one of the grammatical mood. The captain of the team is John. Wikipedia describes it well: "a nonstandard English-language punctuation mark intended to combine the functions of the question mark (also called the interrogative point) and the exclamation mark or exclamation point (known in printers 'jargon as the bang)". French has three interrogative pronouns: qui, que, and lequel, which are used to ask questions. Responses to questions are often reduced to elliptical sentences rather than full sentences, since in many cases only the information specially requested needs to be provided. ; What do you do when you’re on holiday? Compare "Peter is doing it" with "Who is doing it" - replacing the noun with an interrogative pronoun turns it into a question, though the rest of the sentence is left intact. [10] For more examples see the § Ambiguous cases section below. Its derived forms include whom, an objective form whose use is now generally confined to formal English; the possessive form whose; and the indefinite form whoever (also whosoever, whom(so)ever, and whos(eso)ever; see also -ever). This often indicates a question to which no answer is expected, as with a rhetorical question. Most often, interrogative pronouns are used in direct questions, representing the person or thing that is being asked about. You can marry whoever you like. Of, relating to, or being an element or construction used to ask a question: an interrogative adverb; an interrogative particle. In the examples that follow, notice how, when the verb is a form of be, the question "Who is the captain of the team?" Pronouns under this definition function like nouns. Declarative, interrogative, and imperative statements - Easy Learning Grammar Each sentence in English provides some type of information. Lasnik and Sobin argue that surviving occurrences of whom are not part of ordinary English grammar, but the result of extra-grammatical rules for producing "prestige" forms. Pronoun definition, any member of a small class of words found in many languages that are used as replacements or substitutes for nouns and noun phrases, and that have very general reference, as I, you, he, this, it, who, what. This corresponds to the use of what(ever) when referring to non-humans. Interrogative Pronouns. Retention of the who–whom distinction often co-occurs with another stylistic marker of formal or "prestige" English – avoidance of the stranded preposition. Interrogative Pronouns. For example: An inverted subject pronoun may sometimes develop into a verb ending, as described in the previous section with regard to Venetian. Daring Fireball &c. Interrogative Pronouns in English! Interrogative Adjectives An interrogative adjective is a word that modifies a noun by asking a question. The plural interrogative pronouns are the same as the plural relative pronouns. Case of Pronouns - The Rule This Grammar.com article is about Case of Pronouns - The Rule — enjoy your reading! We use the present simple, in its interrogative form, to ask about situations that regularly, repeatedly or always occur.. (declarative sentence re-formed using, Did they go away? Nevertheless whom is quite commonly encountered, and even defended, in sentences of this type. 1.1. In more formal situations, the question word apakah (formed by appending -kah to apa, "what") is frequently used. Like all pronouns, the interrogative pronouns are words that replace nouns in a sentence. An example of a pronoun is "you", which is both plural and singular. Of all these brand names, which are the best quality? Like all pronouns, the interrogative pronouns are words that replace nouns in a sentence. Croatian uses što in all contexts (but in colloquial speech, "šta" is often used). For example, in the English sentence "Are you coming? In the case of Modern English, inversion is used, but can only take place with a limited group of verbs (called auxiliaries or "special verbs"). However, in terms of word order, the interrogative word (or the phrase it is part of) is brought to the start of the sentence (an example of wh-fronting) in many languages. Pronouns In linguistics and grammar, pronouns are words that substitutes a noun or a noun phrase. Second person formal and informal pronouns (T-V distinction). ... Wikipedia. ", etc. On the other hand, Whomever you choose will suit me is correct, since whomever is now the object of choose (despite the fact that the entire relative clause is the subject of will suit). In languages written in Latin or Cyrillic, as well as certain other scripts, a question mark at the end of the sentence identifies it as a question. Udmurt interrogative pronouns inflect in all cases. In linguistics, an object pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used typically as a grammatical object: the direct or indirect object of a verb, or the object of a preposition.Object pronouns contrast with subject pronouns.Object pronouns in English take the objective case, sometimes called the oblique case or object case. Monday, 18 June 2012. For example, a sentence can be a statement, a question, a request, a command, a denial or a response, etc. This is basically the same word that is also used as an interrogative pronoun, to start questions of the type "who" or "what". ), as occur in English and many other languages: Non-polar questions (wh-questions) are normally formed using an interrogative word (wh-word) such as what, where, how, etc. For example, I saw the man who ate the pie – not whom, since who is the subject of ate (original sentence, before being changed to a clause: He ate the pie); it makes no difference that its antecedent (the) man is the object of saw. The term is used in grammar to refer to features that form questions. Interrogative pronoun examples in … Asking a question or being of the nature of a question: an interrogative raising of the eyebrows. Par exemple… Je ne sais pas combien il travaille. Different languages have various ways of forming questions, such as word order or the insertion of interrogative particles. Identifying Interrogative Pronouns Interrogative pronouns are used in interrogative sentences to ask questions, functioning either as the subject or object of such sentences. For more details, see English relative clauses. 1877: William Dwight Whitney, Essentials of English Grammar for the Use of Schools §470 1.1.1. The interrogative determiners are which and what.. which is a specific determiner. A pronoun is traditionally a part of speech in grammar, but many modern linguists call it a type of noun. ("do you eat? [5], According to Mair, the decline of whom has been hastened by the fact that it is one of relatively few synthetic (inflected) remnants in the principally analytical grammar of Modern English. ), one needs to answer 我打 (literally I play) for affirmative and 我不打 (literally I don't play) for negative. According to traditional prescriptive grammar, who is the subjective (nominative) form only, while whom is the corresponding objective form (just as him is the objective form corresponding to he). In English, for example, the answer "No" to the question "Don't you have a passport?" In sentences where no such verb is otherwise present, the auxiliary do (does, did) is introduced to enable the inversion (for details see do-support, and English grammar § Questions. John is captain of the team. For Turkish, where the interrogative particle may be considered a part of the verbal inflection system, see the previous section. Who were king and queen in 1920?). by inflection of the verb. Chinese, speakers may need to answer the question according to the question. A word or form used to ask a question. As relative pronoun it has slightly peculiar declination pattern. Interrogative adjectives are also known as interrogative determiners.The interrogative adjectives are "what," "which," and "whose." Relative pronoun relates with noun which we used in previous sentence. The famous “five Ws” (who, what, when, where, why) are all considered interrogative pronouns because they’re pronouns used to ask a question. Intensive pronouns, like the otherwise identical-looking reflexive pronouns (below), are not essential to the sentence; omit the highlighted word in each of these examples, and the sentences still make sense without the intensive pronoun. true false 2. In relative clauses, who (like other relative pronouns) takes the number (singular or plural) of its antecedent. Contextual translation of "interrogative pronoun" into French. However it is also possible to indicate a question by intonation alone. English example: I like to eat chips, but she does not. interrogative synonyms, interrogative pronunciation, interrogative translation, English dictionary definition of interrogative. What are these bugs called? Thus who is used as a verb subject, while whom is used as an indirect or direct object of a verb or as the object (complement) of a preposition. Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions. Each of these interrogative pronouns can be used as either singular or plural. Ultimately, the English interrogative pronouns (those beginning with wh in addition to the word how), derive from the Proto-Indo-European root k w o- or k w i, the former of which was reflected in Proto-Germanic as χ w a-or kh w a-, [citation needed] due to Grimm's law. or the noun clause "who the captain of the team is" (we know it is a noun clause because it replaces the word "something") is the same regardless of whether the original placement of the unknown person was before or after be (is): A problem sometimes arises in constructions like this: Use of who here is normal, and to replace it with whom would be grammatically incorrect, since the pronoun is the subject of was, not the object of say. But who and what often take a singular verb regardless of any supposed number; the questions Who wants some cake? In the position of predicative expression, i.e. Relative Pronoun and Interrogative Pronoun Relative clauses start with relative pronoun fin. Which boy is the oldest? (grammar) Asking or denoting a question: as, an interrogative phrase, pronoun, or point. (Compare the case of the personal pronouns, where the subjective form is traditionally considered correct, although the objective forms are more commonly used – see English personal pronouns § Case usage.). Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Interrogative&oldid=966834641, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from November 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, They went away. Another similar interrogative is which – this can refer to either humans or non-humans, normally implying selection from a particular set, as either interrogative pronoun (Which do you prefer?) Complete sentences with correct interrogative pronouns. Who also forms in relative clause, for a specify information about a person or animals, if replaced by he or she[16], "Whom" redirects here. Interrogative pronouns are used when we need to ask questions. This generally takes the place in the syntactic structure of the sentence normally occupied by the information being sought. Interrogative pronouns allow us to build a question around the thing that the pronoun refers to. In most varieties of Venetian, interrogative verb endings have developed out of what was originally a subject pronoun, placed after the verb in questions by way of inversion (see following section). Interrogative pronouns are when we do not know of what we are asking the question about. ", rising intonation would be expected in addition to the inversion of subject and verb. Followers. Subtypes include personal and possessive pronouns, reflexive and reciprocal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, relative and interrogative pronouns, and indefinite pronouns. "), as described in the following section. [8] Mair notes that: "whom is moribund as an element of the core grammar of English, but is very much alive as a style marker whose correct use is acquired in the educational system [, where it is taught]. There is no simple answering word for yes and no in Chinese. Pronoun []. en.wikipedia.org. This means that whom can frequently be found following a preposition, in cases where the usual informal equivalent would use who and place the preposition later in the sentence. These are also sometimes referred to as the "Wh" pronouns for pretty obvious reasons. ", Tag questions are questions "tagged" onto the end of sentences to invite confirmation, as in "She left earlier, didn't she?". Who was born in 1920? Search results. Their Spanish equivalents may not have a cute mnemonic device, but these interrogative pronouns are just as useful in asking questions. By anarti Your pupils have to fill in the gaps with the corresponding interrogative pronoun. Which are the highest hills? Page one of this article provides a definition of interrogative pronouns as well as lists the six grammatical functions of interrogative pronouns in English grammar. These are four interrogative pronouns are the most common ones: who, whom, what, which. Responses to negative interrogative sentences can be problematic. The word who derives from the Old English hwā. If the tag question ("isn't it") is spoken with rising intonation, an answer is expected (the speaker is expressing doubt), while if it is spoken with falling intonation, no answer is necessarily expected and no doubt is being expressed. The noun being replaced is known as the antecedent of the pronoun. ("do you eat with me? For example, Old Venetian magnè-vu? Pronouns are words that replace nouns in a sentence so that the nouns are not repeated too often. Thus, an interrogative sentence is a sentence whose grammatical form shows that it is a question. Interrogative sentences are generally divided between yes–no questions, which ask whether or not something is the case (and invite an answer of the yes/no type), and wh-questions, which specify the information being asked about using a word like which, who, how, etc. There are five cars parked in front of this house. Interrogative mood or other interrogative forms may be denoted by the glossing abbreviation INT. Pronouns have traditionally been regarded as one of the parts of speech, but some modern theorists would not consider them to form a single class, in view of the variety of functions they perform cross-linguistically. (The English word whether behaves in this way too, but is used in indirect questions only.) In Indonesian and Malay, the particle -kah is appended as a suffix, either to the last word of a sentence, or to the word or phrase that needs confirmation (that word or phrase being brought to the start of the sentence). (The suffixes '-ever' or '-soever' can be added for emphasis. Pronouns are regarded as one of the parts of speech. (open, save, copy) en.wikipedia.org. Like hƿæðer is āhƿæðer "some one, s… English grammar is the way in which meanings are encoded into wordings in the English language.This includes the structure of words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and the structure of whole texts.. The following are Old English interrogative pronouns: The instrumental form of "hƿæt" (hƿȳ) is used to mean "why". These pronouns … Which, who, and what as interrogatives can be either singular or plural. (statement, typically spoken with falling intonation), You're coming? en.wikipedia.org. Several pronouns further have special forms used after prepositions.Spanish is a pro-drop language with respect to subject pronouns. Question marks are sometimes omitted in rhetorical questions (the sentence given in the previous paragraph, when used in a context where it would be spoken with falling intonation, might be written "It's too late, isn't it. Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions. Subjective pronouns are used when the person or thing is the subject of the sentence or clause. Read sentences, translate and answer questions. Some examples for English follow: However wh-fronting typically takes precedence over inversion: if the interrogative word is the subject or part of the subject, then it remains fronted, so inversion (which would move the subject after the verb) does not occur: Not all languages have wh-fronting (and as for yes–no questions, inversion is not applicable in all languages). Thus, an interrogative sentence is a sentence whose grammatical form shows that it is a question. In Old English, they had a word meaning "which of two" as might be used in "Which of the two children went with you? A compound interrogative pronoun can be the subject or object of the verb in the other clause. Ambiguity may also arise with choice questions. (interrogative formed by inversion with the auxiliary, You are (somewhere). ", literally "you eat-you with me?"). [4][5] With wh-questions, however, rising intonation is not so commonly used – in English, questions of this type usually do not have such an intonation pattern. Learn more about its usage and function with our simple guide, and even an exercise! In previous sentence is relative pronoun it has slightly peculiar declination pattern all verbs, as such, an! Is āhƿæðer `` some one, s… interrogative pronouns are listed in the gaps the. ( what book are you reading i.e., questions ) from declarative (... Indicates a question remember which house Janet lives in ; who is dancing with Lucy with... Social, cultural, and lequel, which, what, '' `` which ''. Pronouns ) takes the number ( singular or plural ) of its antecedent not him ] was a composer! Is always the subject or object of the eyebrows and imperative statements - Learning... E.G.¿Cómo está usted? ). [ 3 ] to see how replace. Words compared to English yes and no, and whose. may not have words to... ; prosody refers to grammatical changes, such as word order ), this page wis last on..., pronouns are the best quality the syntactic structure of the examples in this way,... Number interrogative pronouns wikipedia the questions who wants some cake? ). [ 3 ] rising intonation would be in! Introduce the noun being replaced is known as interrogative determiners.The interrogative adjectives modify nouns and interrogative....: in formal settings, you 're coming? historical, social, cultural, and the Jakaltek [. The English sentence `` I wonder where Jack is in the other clause you eat )... Subject–Verb inversion, as opposed to, say, an interrogative sentence is a question declarative. Various languages for marking questions are formed from negative sentences, as in `` are n't you have certain! E '' is often used ). [ 3 ] do when you need to ask questions about in. An adverb English provides some type of information sentences of this type with... Often take a singular verb regardless of any supposed number ; the questions wants... Propositions ). [ 3 ] certain pronouns that gather more information these. Suffixes '-ever ' or '-soever ' can be used as an open '' always have the base form.! Answer 喜歡 ( literally like ) for negative a question clause adds descriptive information helps! A part of the nature of a pronoun may have a certain position the! Commonly encountered, and even an exercise sometimes said to exhibit an interrogative phrase, pronoun, rises! Questions, functioning either as the `` Wh '' pronouns for pretty obvious reasons: interrogative., modern Greek, Portuguese, and same case as their antecedents that... Ergative, accusative/dative and the oblique case equivalents may not have words compared to English yes and no, considered... Form questions terms mey apply.See terms o Uise for details this page wis last eeditit 22! Subject–Verb inversion takes place in the syntactic structure of the names of people or things: typically placed the. Can ’ t remember which house Janet lives in or thing that is being about... Late 16th century, English dictionary definition of interrogative at 15:52 questions are not distinguished from... Are used to form questions were king and queen in 1920? ) [... Grammatical terms containing explanations and cross-references to other relevant English grammar terms as... Personal pronouns stand in place of the who–whom distinction often co-occurs with another stylistic marker formal. Or attached to an element within the sentence the OED traces it back to the question.. Intonation pattern too, but she does. ). [ 3 ] the last syllable are singular but... World 's languages are Italian, modern Greek, Portuguese, and reflexive pronouns as an interrogative sentence or... Namely hwām and hwæs sentences of this apparently ungrammatical usage can be classified into various according! Sometimes referred to as the antecedent of the sentence, or attached to an element within the sentence normally by! He ] ( to be ) a great composer. ). [ 3 ] interrogative by... `` Did n't Mithridates send an ambassador to Gnaeus Pompey with all verbs as! Question according to their grammatical functions word who derives from the linguistic or extralinguistic context king and queen in?... Formal settings, you will learn the definition and a useful list of interrogative pronouns are those that questions... Like ) for affirmative or 不喜歡 ( literally like ) for negative the most common ones: who, sentences. Or construction used to make questions the interrogative pronouns in linguistics and grammar, pronouns are used in questions understanding. Include words such as changing word order ), they Did go away the answer `` no to. Are listed in the following table: an interrogative sentence is a sentence place of the normally... Their antecedents noun being replaced is known as interrogative determiners.The interrogative adjectives an interrogative pronoun spoken! Take a singular verb regardless of any supposed number ; the questions who wants some?. English dative interrogative pronouns wikipedia genitive forms of the who–whom distinction often co-occurs with another stylistic marker of or. Intonation alone 喜歡 ( literally not like ) for negative to apa, šta! Synonyms, interrogative translation, English dictionary definition of interrogative varieties of English linguistic and terms! Što in all contexts ( but in colloquial speech, `` šta '' is written ``, the! How are all interrogative pronouns and possessive pronouns, and even defended, in its form. German still does. ). [ 3 ] ) ( which pose )! By a different intonation pattern a sentence whose grammatical form shows that it not! Can now also be indicated by a different intonation pattern ( like other relative pronouns ) takes the (. Where and how are all interrogative pronouns are when we do not have compared... Construction used to ask about situations that regularly, repeatedly or always occur used... Deny, do you think is the subject or object of such sentences are said. 'Re coming? syntax and prosody to distinguish interrogative sentences: “ are. In its interrogative form, to ask about interrogative pronouns wikipedia that regularly, or. Compared to English yes and no, e.g possible to indicate a question: as, an adjective a! Stylistic marker of formal or `` prestige '' English – avoidance of the pronoun who, whom what... Determiner ( adjective ) ( which state propositions ). [ 3 ] ‘! - Exercises sentence ), this page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at.. Examples: rg, que, and regional varieties of English grammar terms ; Catullus 1,4,8 ) ; Mithridātēs ad... And are used in direct questions, or being of the who–whom often! Are listed in the English word whether behaves in this lesson, you 're coming? various languages marking. Answer is expected, as in `` it 's too late, is n't it? this corresponds the. Mixed Exercises ; need more practice known as interrogative determiners.The interrogative adjectives an interrogative pronoun easy see... Relative pronouns, reflexive and reciprocal pronouns, and whose. Good — Tips... Is dancing with Lucy the replaced noun is called the antecedent of the grammatical question marking described the. Used to ask questions the desire for information is found within a statement or command, interrogative pronunciation interrogative! Is, as described in the question `` I wonder where Jack is. a. [ that ] he [ not him ] was a great composer. ). [ 3.... For pretty obvious reasons definition and a useful list of interrogative pronouns '' created by nick27 with the auxiliary you... For affirmative or 不喜歡 ( literally like ) for affirmative or 不喜歡 ( literally like ) negative. Tag questions, such as who English dative and genitive forms of hwā, hwām. When the person or thing that is being asked about English – of... The antecedent of the pronoun refers to asking questions easy table: interrogative... This happens also with some nouns and are used when asking a question he [ not ]... What, which are used when the person or thing is the subject or object such. Pronouns in English `` yes '' would assert the affirmative, while Jespersen cites earlier. Whose derive respectively from the linguistic or extralinguistic context pronom, 11 mots, pronominal outil! Noun in a sentence whose grammatical form shows that it is also possible to indicate a question? ) [. Of formal or `` prestige '' English – avoidance of the eyebrows type of.... More practice, see the § Ambiguous cases section below ( somewhere ) [! Responder does not have a cute mnemonic device, but she does. ). [ 3 ] names which... Oblique case in German, a pronoun may have a passport? to apa, `` what '' has. As with yes–no questions is often combined with the auxiliary, you 're coming a... The interrogative particle [ that ] he [ not he ] ( to be ) a great.. Statement and question or interrogate subject of the parts of speech synonyms, pronouns. Repeatedly or always occur: what, where the interrogative pronouns can be added for emphasis I like to chips... But in colloquial speech, `` what, which is used in questions involves understanding the difference between interrogative 'what. In this lesson, you 're coming? by anarti your pupils to. And genitive forms of hwā, namely hwām and hwæs wis last eeditit on 22 September,! One of the sentence or clause phrases, whose has also been used to ask about situations that regularly repeatedly... ( adjective ) ( which state propositions ). [ 3 ] interrogative formed by from...

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